Most people think they understand how interest works. You invest $100 at 10% then your annual interest payment is $10 a year. If you are investing for a fixed term, say three years, that will mean $30 in total interest payments. Simple math.
But with p2p lending it is different. This same $100 invested in a 36-month p2p loan at 10% will get you far less interest than $30. If we compare apples to apples and assume no service fees then this $100 investment will net you around $16.15 in interest, close to half the interest from the previous example. What gives?
P2P Loans Are Amortized
Are you really getting just over 5% or so annually on your money? No. The reason the total interest is less is because you are investing in a fully amortized loan. What this means is that with each payment you are being paid back some principal as well as interest.
Let’s continue our example to demonstrate. The monthly payment for your $100 loan at 10% is $3.23. Given a standard amortization schedule the first payment is split into $2.39 of principal and $0.83 of interest. So, your $100 investment has been paid down by $2.39 and the principal balance is now $97.61. S0, next month you will not receive interest on $100, you will receive interest on $97.61. Herein lies the big difference with amortized loans.
Below is the full amortization schedule for a $100 loan at 10%. Now, keep in mind I am ignoring service fees in this example – in reality at Lending Club and Prosper a 1% service fee is deducted with each payment.
I hope this is clear for everyone. I have seen many new investors get confused about interest payments in p2p lending. Let me know if you have any questions or comments.
Peter Renton is the chairman and co-founder of Fintech Nexus, the world’s first and largest digital media and events company focused on fintech. Peter has been writing about fintech since 2010 and he is the author and creator of the Fintech One-on-One Podcast, the first and longest-running fintech interview series. Peter has been interviewed by the Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, The New York Times, CNBC, CNN, Fortune, NPR, Fox Business News, the Financial Times, and dozens of other publications.